Peer-Reviewed Scientific Articles

–     Kullmann, F., Teismann, T., Krause, K., Friedrich, S., Margraf, J., Schneider, S., Rus-Calafell, M. (in press). Zugangsbarrieren zur Psychotherapie für Menschen mit Psychosen aus Psychotherapeut_innenperspektive: eine explorative Studie.Verhaltenstherapie, 2023.

–    Edwards, C., Owrid, O., Miller, L., Jafari, H., Emsley, R., Rus-Calafell, M., Craig, T., Clancy, M., McLeod, H., Fornells-Ambrojo., M., McDonnell, J., Montague, A., Huckcale, M., Bucci, S., Haddock., G., Garety, P., Ward, T. (2023) The Voice Characterisation Checklist: psychometric properties of a brief clinical assessment of voices as social agents. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 14: 1192655.

–     Deamer, F., Richardson, W., Ward. T., Garety., P., Craig, T., Edwards, C., Rus-Calafell, M. (2023) Hypothetical active voicing in AVATAR Therapy. Journal of Applied Linguistics and Professional Practice. 2040-3658

–    Rus-Calafell, M., Ehrbar, N., Ward, T., Edwards, C., Huckvale, M., Walke, J., Garety, P., & Craig, T. (2022). Participants’ experiences of AVATAR therapy for distressing voices: a thematic qualitative evaluation. BMC Psychiatry, 22, 356.

–   Paino, M., González-Menéndez, A. M., Vallina-Fernández, Ó., & Rus-Calafell, M. (2022). A novel algorithm to detect early risk of psychosis: Results from the Prevention Program for Psychosis (P3). Schizophrenia research, 248, 196–197. Advance online publication.

–     Paíno, M., González-Menéndez, A. M., Vallina-Fernández, Ó., & Rus-Calafell, M. (2022). A new Algorithm for Detecting Clinical High Risk of Psychosis in Adolescents. Psicothema, 34(3), 383–391.

–     Rus-Calafell, M., Ehrbar, N., Ward, T. et al. Participants’ experiences of AVATAR therapy for distressing voices: a thematic qualitative evaluation. BMC Psychiatry 22, 356 (2022).

–     Greenwood, K. E., Gurnani, M., Ward, T., Vogel, E., Vella, C., McGourty, A., Robertson, S., Sacadura, C., Hardy, A., Rus-Calafell, M., Collett, N., Emsley, R., Freeman, D., Fowler, D., Kuipers, E., Bebbington, P., Dunn, G., Michelson, D., & Garety, P.; the SlowMo Patient, Public Involvement (PPI) team (2022). The service user experience of SlowMo therapy: A co-produced thematic analysis of service users’ subjective experience. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice, 95, 680700.

–    Ward, T., Hardy, A., Holm, R., Collett, N., Rus-Calafell, M.. Sacadura, C., McGourty, A., Vella, C., East, A., Rea, M., Harding, H., Emsley, R., Greenwood., C., Freeman, D., Fowler, D., Kuipers, E., Bebbington, P., Garety, P. (2022). SlowMo therapy, a new digital blended therapy for fear of harm from others: An account of therapy personalisation within a targeted intervention. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Research and Practice

–    Greenwood., K., Robertson, S., Vogel, E., Vella, C., Ward, T., McGourty, A., Scadura, C., Hardy, A., Rus-Calafell, M., Collett, N., Emsley, R., Freeman., D., Fowler, D., Kuipers, E., Bebbington, E., Dunn, G., Garety, P. (2021) The impact of Patient and Public Involvement in the SlowMostudy: Reflections on peer innovation. Health Expectations,   DOI: 10.1111/hex.13362

–     Riches, S., Pisani, S., Bird, L., Rus-Calafell, M., Garety, P., Valmaggia, L. (2021) Virtual reality-based assessment and treatment of social functioning impairments in psychosis: a systematic review. International Review of Psychiatry, 33, 1-26.

–   O’Brien, C., Rus-Calafell, M., Craig, T., Garety, P., Ward, T., Lister, R., Fornells-Ambrojo, M. (2021). Relating behaviours and therapeutic actions during AVATAR therapy dialogue: An observational study. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 60. DOI: 10.1111/bjc.12296.

–  Ward., T., Lister, R., Fornells-Ambrojo, M., Rus-Calafell, M., Edwards, C., O’Brien, C., Craig, T., Garety, P. (2021) The role of characterisation in everyday voice engagement and AVATAR therapy dialogue. Psychological Medicine, DOI: 10.1017/S00332911721000659

–  Garety, P., Ward, T., Emsley, R., Greenwood, K., Freeman, D., Fowler, D., Kuipers, E., Bebbington, P., McGourty, A., Sacadura, C., Collet, N., James, K., Rus-Calafell, M., Hardy, A. (2021). Effects of SlowMo, a Blended Digital Therapy Targeting Reasoning, on Paranoia Among People With Psychosis: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Psychiatry, 78, DOI: 10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2021.0326.

–   Garety, P., Edwards, C., Ward, T., Emsley, R., Huckvale, M., McCrone, P., Rus-Calafell, M., Fornells-Ambrojo, M., Gumley, A., Haddock, G., Bucci, S., McLeod, H., Hardy, A., Peters, E., Myin-Germeys, I., Craig., T. (2021). Optimising AVATAR therapy for people who hear distressing voices: study protocol for AVATAR 2 multi-centre randomised controlled trial. Trials, 22, 366.

–   Rus-Calafell, M., Ward, T., Zhang, XC., Edwards, C., Garety, P., Craig, T. (2020) The Role of Sense of Voice Presence and Anxiety Reduction in AVATAR Therapy. Journal of Clinical Medicine. doi:  10.3390/jcm9092748

–  Ward, T., Rus-Calafell, M., Ramadhan, Z., Soumelidou, O., Fornells-Ambrojo, M., Garety, P., Craig, T. (2020) AVATAR Therapy for Distressing Voices: A Comprehensive Account of Therapeutic Targets. Schizophrenia Bulletin. doi: 10.1093/schbul/sbaa061

–  Riches, S., Bird, L., Narelle, C., Garety, P., Rus-Calafell, M., Valmaggia, L. (2020) Subjective experience of paranoid ideation in a virtual reality social environment: a mixed methods cross-sectional studyClinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, 27, DOI: 10.1002/cpp.2431

–     Rus-Calafell, M., Schneider, S. (2019) Are we there yet?!—a literature review of recent digital technology advances for the treatment of early psychosis. mHealth. doi: 10.21037/mhealth.2019.09.14.

–     Riches, S., Elghany, S., Garety, P., Rus-Calafell, M., Valmaggia, L. (2019) Factors affecting sense of presence in a virtual reality social environment: A qualitative study. Cyber­psychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 22, 288-292.

–     Riches, S., Garety, P., Rus-Calafell, M., Stalh, D., Evans, C., Sarras, N., Yeboah, K., Valmaggia, L. (2019) Using Virtual Reality to Assess Associations Between Paranoid Ideation and Components of Social Performance: A Pilot Validation Study. Cyber­psychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 22, 51-59.

–     Craig, T., Rus-Calafell, M., Ward, T., Leff, J., Huckvale, M., Howard, E., Emsley, R., Garety, P. (2018) AVATAR therapy for auditory verbal hallucinations in people with psychosis: A single-blind, randomised controlled trial. Lancet Psychiatry, 5, 31-40.

–     Hall, J., Rus-Calafell, M., Omari-Asor, L., Ward, T., Emsley, R., Garety, P., Craig, T. (2018) Assessing the subjective experience of participating in a clinical trial (AVATAR). Psychiatry Research, 263, 82-87.

–     Garety, P., Ward, T., Freeman, D., Fowler, D., Emsley, R., Dunn, G…, Rus-Calafell, M., Hardy, A. (2017) SlowMo, a digital therapy targeting reasoning in paranoia, versus treat­ment as usual in the treatment of people who fear harm from others: Study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Trials, 18, 510.

–     Rus-Calafell, M., Garety, P., Sason, E., Craig, T., Valmaggia, L. (2017) Virtual reality in the assessment and treatment of psychosis: a systematic review of its utility, accept­ability and effectiveness. Psychological Medicine, 48, 1-30.

–   Caqueo-Urízar, A., Rus-Calafell, M., Craig, T., Irarrazaval, M., Urzua, A., Boyer, L., Williams, D. (2017) Schizophrenia: impact on family dynamics. Current Psychiatry Reports, 19, S1-S8.

–     Caqueo-Urízar, A., Urzua, A., Rus-Calafell, M. (2017) Side effects of antipsychotic medication and quality of life in Latin-American patients with schizophrenia. Terapia Psicologica, 32, 111-114.

–     Valmaggia, L., Latif, L., Kemptom, M., Rus-Calafell, M. (2016) Virtual reality in the psychological treatment for mental health problems: a systematic review of recent evidence. Psychiatry Research, 28, 189-195.

–     Valmaggia, L., Day, F., Rus-Calafell, M. (2016). Using virtual reality to investigate psychological processes and mechanisms associated with the onset and maintenance of psychosis: a systematic review. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 51, 921-936.

–     Rus-Calafell, M., Garety, P., Ward, T., Williams, G., Huckvale, M., Leff, J., Craig, T. (2016) Confronting auditory hallucinations using virtual reality: the AVATAR therapy. Studies in Health Technology and Informatics, 211, 192-196.

–     Craig T., Rus-Calafell, M., Ward, T., Fornells-Ambrojo, M., McCrone, P., Emsley, R., Garety, P. (2015) The effects of an Audio Visual Assisted Therapy Aid for Refractory auditory hallucinations (AVATAR therapy): Study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Trials, 16, 1-9.

–     Rus-Calafell, M., Lemos-Giraldez, S. (2015) Schizophrenia and other Psychotic Dis­orders: main changes in the new DSM-5. Cuadernos de Medicina Psicosomatica y Psiquiatria de Enlace, 111, 89-93.

–     Caqueo-Urízar, A., Rus-Calafell, M. †*, Urzúa, A., Escudero, J., Gutiérrez-Maldonado, J. (2015). The role of family therapy in the management of schizophrenia: challenges and solutions. Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment, 11, 145-151.

–   Pla-Sanjuanelo, J., Ferrer-Garcia, M., Gutierrez-Maldonado, J., Riva, G., Andreu-Gracia, A., Dakanalis, A….Rus-Calafell, M., Sanchez-Planell, L. (2014) Identifying specific cues and contexts related to bingeing behaviour for the development of effective virtual environments. Appetite, 87, 81-89.

–     Ferrer-García, M., Gutiérrez-Maldonado, J, Pla-Sanjuanelo, J., Riva, G., Andreu-García, A., Dakanalis, A…Rus-Calafell, M., Sanchez-Planell, L. (2014) Development of a VR Application for Binge Eating Treatment: Identification of Contexts and Cues Related to Bingeing Behavior in Spanish Italian Patients, Studies in Health Technology and Informatics, 199, 71-75.

–     Rus-Calafell, M., Gutiérrez-Maldonado, J., Ribas-Sabaté, J. Lemos, S. (2014) Social skills training for people with schizophrenia: What do we train? Behavioral Psychology, 22, 461-477. 

–    Rus-Calafell, M., Gutiérrez-Maldonado, J., Ribas-Sabaté, J. (2014) A virtual reality-integrated program for improving social skills in patients with schizophrenia: A pilot study. Journal of behaviour Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 45, 81-89.

–     Gutiérrez-Maldonado, J., Rus-Calafell, M.*, González-Conde, J. (2014) Creation of a new set of dynamic virtual reality faces for the assessment and training of facial emotion recognition ability. Virtual Reality, 18, 61-71.

–    Rus-Calafell, M., Gutiérrez-Maldonado, J., Ortega-Bravo, M., Ribas-Sabaté, J., Caqueo-Urízar, A. (2013). A brief cognitive-behavioural social skills training for stabilised outpatients with schizophrenia: a preliminary study. Schizophrenia Research143, 327-36. 

–     Rus-Calafell, M., Gutiérrez-Maldonado, J., Botella, C., Baños, R.M. (2013). Virtual reality exposure and imaginal exposure in the treatment of fear of flying: a pilot study. Behavior Modification, 37, 568-590.

–     Pericot-Valverde, I., García-Rodríguez, O., Rus-Calafell, M., Fernández-Artamendi, S.,   Ferrer-García, M., Gutiérrez-Maldonado, J. (2013) Peak provoked craving after smoking cessation. Studies in health Technology and Informatics, 191, 163-167.

–     Rus-Calafell, M., Gutiérrez-Maldonado, J., Frerich, N. (2013) Schizotypy, Alexithymia and Affect as predictors of Facial Emotion Recognition Capability using static and dynamic images. Anuario de Psicologia/The UB Journal of Psychology, 43, 7-21.

–   Rus-Calafell M., Guitérrez-Maldonado J., Ribas-Sabaté J. (2013) Neurocognition, Presence and Acceptance of a VR Programme for Psychotic Patients: a correlational study. Studies in Health Technology and Informatics, 191, 141-145.

–     Gutiérrez-Maldonado J., Rus-Calafell M., Márquez-Rejón S., Ribas-Sabaté J. (2012) Association between facial emotion recognition, cognition and alexithymia in patients with schizophrenia: comparison of photographic and virtual reality presentations. Studies in Health Technology and Informatics, 181, 88-92.

–    Rus-Calafell, M., Gutiérrez-Maldonado, J., Ribas-Sabaté, J. (2012) Improving social behaviour in schizophrenia patients using an integrated virtual reality programme: A case study. Studies in Health Technology and Informatics, 181, 283-286.

–   Gutiérrez-Maldonado, J., Letosa-Porta, Á., Rus-Calafell, M., Peñaloza-Salazar, C. (2009) The assessment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in children using continuous performance tasks in Virtual Environments. Anuario de Psicologia/The UB Journal of Psychology, 40,, 211-223.

–   Gutiérrez-Maldonado, J., Megallón-Neri, E., Rus-Calafell, M., Peñaloza-Salazar, C. (2009) Virtual reality exposure therapy for school phobia. /span> Anuario de Psicología/The UB Journal of Psychology, 40, 223-236.

Chapters and Monographics

–   Rauschenberg, C., Rus-Calafell, M., Reininghaus, U., Valmaggia, L. Digital Interventions for Psychosis. In Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Psychology. 2022, Reference Module: Elsevier.

–   Rus-Calafell, M., Craig, T. AVATAR therapy: a digital therapy to help people with distressing voices. In Parker, I., Schnackenberg, J., Hopfenbeck, M. (Eds). The Practical Handbook of Hearing Voices: therapeutic and creative approaches. 2021, PCCS Books, 237-246.

–   Garety, P., Ward, T., Rus-Calafell, M.  Beyond Belief—New Approaches to the Treatment of Paranoia. In Badcock, J., Paulik-White, G. (Eds.) A Clinical Introduction to Psychosis. 2019, Academic Press, Elsevier.

–   Craig, T., Ward, T., Rus-Calafell, M. AVATAR Therapy for Refractory Auditory Hallucinations. In Pradhan, B., Pinninti, N., Rathod, Sh. (Eds). Brief Interventions for Psychosis. A Clinical Compendium. 2016, Springer Nature, 41-54.

–   Rus-Calafell, M., Gutierrez-Maldonado, J. Virtual Reality and Schizophrenia. In Cipresso, P. & Serino, S. (Eds). Virtual Reality: Technologies, Medical Applications and Challenges (Psychology Research Progress). 2014, Nova Science Publishers, 161-176.